The Four Learning Orientations
Learners situationally fall along the
continuum of learning orientations. Depending on the
specific learning circumstances, a learner may cover a
full range of one learning orientation or move downwards
or upwards in response to negative or positive responses,
conditions, resources, results, expectations, and
experiences. Most learners will respond with some level
of resistance in negative environments. Upward change
into new learning orientations requires greater effort
and learner control and stronger intentions, feelings,
and beliefs about learning.
Too often resistant learners have suffered repeated, long-term frustration from painful mistakes, academic failure, and disappointing situations. They do not believe in formal education or academic institutions as positive, necessary, or enjoyable influences in their life. Resistant learners are a complex mixture of skilled or unskilled, motivated or frustrated, or passionate or apathetic learners. In most cases they are apathetic or aggressively disobedient learners or passionately assertive non-learners.